TrackReitar Rescue robots

TrackReitar Rescue robot

The search and rescue robots from LeoTronics Robotics are designed to help evacuate injured people during disasters such as war and catastrophes. People are at risk of carrying out rescue missions. Our rescue robot is based on a universal platform, TrackReitar. The platform is reliable in making the robots stay stable. You can count on the platform to have a stable and easily manipulated search robot.


Rescue teams use robots to perform the most dangerous tasks. For example, they can employ robots to take the injured to safe locations. The robots are equipped with stretchers that can perform the work. Artificial intelligence makes the robots learn about the correct route during the evacuation process. During rescue missions, they use inbuilt programs to move from one location to another.

Designed to challenges

Can be equipped with any equipment and actuators for your tasks.

Highly Customizable


Rescue robots from LeoTronics robotics come in a well-thought-out design. The design is simple but highly effective during different operations. You can apply the robots, and they will contribute to making you enjoy great success when working on various projects. The easy to adapt platform makes the robots widely applicable. You can apply them in a wide range of applications. They simplify the rescue missions. Some rescue mission is too dangerous. The application of the robots simplifies them.

Dimensions 1000(L) x 780(B) x 500 (H)

The robot comes in the dimensions for excellent stability. It can move into tight spaces to remove explosives or perform specific operations. The manufacturers can customize the robots to serve different applications. Those looking forward to applying the robots in the rescue missions can rely on them to enjoy the best experience as they handle various issues in their lives. The robots are built to achieve the highest stability possible.

Wheelbase 440 mm

The wheelbase is wide enough to allow them to move on different terrains. Sometimes the rescue missions may be carried out on rough terrain. There is no worry about carrying the explosives or the injured people around. The rescue robots come with a broad base that ensures users the best experience handling different rescue missions. They are built to assure users the best experience as they move them around. Get the robots, and they will contribute to making your hard work easest when on a rescue mission. You can rely on artificial intelligence in robotics to achieve great success as you work on a different rescue mission. They are built to assure users of the best experience possible.

Weight 120 kg

The robots weigh about 120kg. They are not too heavy to deliver and deploy in different locations. Those interested in having robots that they can carry and deploy in other areas can count on them. They are built to ensure the best experience as they handle different processes. The robots are built to simplify the rescue mission. Buying them is a significant step toward reducing professionals' risk when handling hazardous materials. They are versatile and easy to apply in different applications. Rely on the robots to simplify your rescue missions.

The maximum speed of up to 10 km/h

They are fast to save time. Up to 10km/h makes them highly effective when a rescue mission requires several people. They can be deployed and utilized to accomplish tasks that require several trips. You get your processes simplified after you get the high-quality rescue robots. They are among easy to use robots that will facilitate your rescue missions.

Minimum ground clearance 200 mm

They have enough ground clearance that simplifies the whole process. You can count on high-quality robots, and they will contribute to making the rescue operation in tight terrain runs smoothly. Areas that have been affected by explosives tend to have rough terrain. The ground clearance is enough to move on the surfaces and leave enough ground clearance.

Rated traveling loads 100 kg

The robots can carry an average person. If the rescue mission involves taking individuals to safety, the application of the rescue robot will be a big step. They have a high load-carrying capacity that makes them preferred. They are highly effective when applying them in your everyday rescue missions.

Climbing Capacity 36°

They can be applied on steep slopes. The high angle of climbing makes them very reliable. They can be used to climb the slopes and overcome the stairs. Many people are pleased because they are designed to simplify the application process. Get them, and they will work to assure you great success when carrying out a rescue mission on steep slopes.

Minimum turning radius 0

They can quickly turn around to allow operations in different locations. A small space is enough to make a turn. The robots are easy to use and highly reliable. You can deploy them to any site, and they will get the job done. Many people recommend them because they are easy to use. The highly reliable robots have been proven to be highly reliable when working on different projects. You can always rely on them to serve you perfectly.

Obstacle Ability 170 mm

If you have an obstacle on the way, they can easily climb over a barrier about 170mm high. They are reliable robots you can buy, and they will be a great way to simplify your operations. They are built to assure you of the best process possible.

Operating temperature -20 to 60C

The robots can be applied in places where there is a high temperature. Some rescue missions involve getting people out of the fire. The highly reliable robots can sustain high temperatures during rescue missions.

Crash and rescue operations

The purpose of any rescue and other urgent works is to rescue people and help the injured, prevent localization of accidents, eliminate damages stemming from rescue works, and create conditions for subsequent reconstruction works.

The range of emergency rescue work is extensive. These include:

  • reconnaissance of traffic routes and areas of forthcoming work,

  • localizing and extinguishing fires,

  • tracing victims and extracting them from the rubble, damaged and burning buildings, gassed, smoky and flooded premises,

  • opening of destroyed, damaged, and blocked protective structures and rescue of people located there,

  • Providing first aid to victims and evacuating them to medical facilities,

  • Evacuation (withdrawal) of the population from dangerous sites to safe areas

  • Sanitation of people, decontamination of their clothes, territory, facilities, equipment, water, and food

  • localization of accidents on public utilities and technological networks, etc.

When carrying out emergency rescue and other urgent work in the hotbeds of destruction formed as a result of military operations, the following is additionally carried out:

  • Detection, neutralization, and destruction of unexploded munitions in standard equipment,

  • Repair and restoration of damaged protective structures,

  • Decontamination of foci of destruction,

  • a collection of material assets,

  • provision of food to the population in need,

  • disposal of contaminated food and other work to prevent the outbreak of an epidemic.

When carrying out emergency rescue work, situations dangerous to human life often arise. The use of so-called unmanned technologies can minimize the degree of risk for rescuers.

Mobile robots occupy a special place among the multitude of modern robotic devices. Their wide range of functionality and constant readiness for sudden use make mobile robots indispensable for emergency response services.

Robots are capable of acting quickly in unpredictable and dangerous environments. Their machine vision, communication, and motion systems operate in the most stressful conditions (smoke, dust, and fire in a disaster area). Robotic rescuers are most commonly used in geological emergencies.



Many advanced developments are explicitly devoted to creating robots, promising earthquake response.

During an earthquake, usually after the primary wave, most buildings collapse. A search and rescue operation consisting of humans and dogs is sent into those buildings to search for survivors. A wave of aftershocks and repeated earthquakes sets in, and the entire rescue team can be covered with half-collapsed building debris. To avoid many casualties and victims, rescue and retrieval robots are used to replace humans. Instead of a human team with a dog or a group of people, a robot, controlled by a teleoperator from a safe place, enters the half-destroyed building.

It is worth noting that it is crucial to act quickly in such situations, as the time factor is essential. To map the rubble and detect possible places of penetration inside, robot rescuers are equipped with unique cameras capable of recording images and determining the distance to objects. The system can also analyze images from two cameras (color and depth) to detect cracks, gaps, openings, and holes through which to search for survivors. The size of the holes, depth, and environmental conditions are taken into account.

Many difficulties arise after an earthquake; a half-destroyed building consists of an array of collapsed reinforced concrete structures that do not allow signal propagation. To avoid loss of communication with the robot due to the lack of wireless, the robot is often clipped to a cable and launched into the room. But first, the line is limited in length. Secondly, the cord keeps clinging to protruding parts of demolished buildings. To avoid this, at the current level of development of search and rescue robots, developers are trying as much as possible to apply all the capabilities of artificial intelligence. A rescue robot is endowed with a certain level of consciousness and the ability to self-learn, so it can understand in time the dynamic changes that have occurred, and the problem encountered and act according to an unpredictable algorithm, regardless of the person who previously managed it.

It is vital that the robot can roll over and perform its functions in this position, as well as move across different types of terrain. The robot can also be equipped with various interchangeable equipment: load grippers, circular saws, fire extinguishing equipment, etc. Remotely controlled search and rescue vehicles act as the first scouts of the territory and other participants to ensure the safety of human personnel.


Time is also a critical factor in this situation. There are no more than 15 minutes to rescue snowbound people before they die of asphyxiation. During this time, it is necessary to find survivors in a vast area covered by an unstable layer of snow, which poses a danger to the rescuers themselves. Now climbers take individual beacons with them, and the search by cell phone signals is also applied. However, this does not make it possible to search fast enough.

Various robotic platforms for mountain search and rescue are applied to carry out search and rescue work. It can be a system consisting of several types of radio-controlled robots. For example, the following combination is often used:

  • A high-altitude helicopter or aircraft designed for general monitoring and control in the search area, equipped with lidar for quick mapping and a radio repeater to ensure regular communication.

  • A small multi-copter drone designed for rapid and detailed examination of specific areas, including hard to reach, such as ditches and cracks. It has a laser scanner for quick mapping.

  • A ground rover equipped with a multifunction arm. Compact enough to be carried on your back by a human. Equipped with a radio repeater and acts as a charging station for drones.

Also, a particular container is used to carry supplies, equipment, and drones, which also works as a charger. Such systems are versatile and can be used far beyond searching for an avalanche.


In this case, the robots find survivors in a considerable area and supply them with the supplies they need to survive until rescuers arrive. A solution variant is to use small groups of small robot gliders, which together explore given squares, report on those found, and deliver small loads.

Developers have created several relatively inexpensive plastic robots equipped with air-pusher propellers. They use ordinary cell phones to communicate, and they navigate using GPS. The robots are also equipped with a camera and sensors, including taking water samples. Increasing the number of robots per unit area speeds up the search and efficiency.

TrackReitar Rescue
Trackreitar Rescue

Using a group of robots for search and rescue activities

Search and rescue robots can be controlled individually or cooperatively and must execute high-level commands from the base station and navigate in autonomous and semi-autonomous modes. Maximum efficiency can be achieved when two types of automated platforms are used in search and rescue operations:

  • a small, unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) capable of penetrating collapsed buildings to search for victims,

  • a sizeable, unmanned ground vehicle that can be used as a mobile base with extensive sensing capabilities, transmitting collected data to operators to increase their situational awareness. A critical requirement is that this vehicle be able to move over rough terrain. Also, a large BNTS serves as the base platform for a small BNTS.

The use of such (semi-)autonomous ground vehicles for search and rescue operations would have several advantages:

  • exploration and data collection without risk to human life,

  • early detection of danger,

  • dynamic trajectory planning. The listed benefits are achieved through the integrated application of large and small BNTS and the introduction of different types of non-contact sensors in the robotic complexes. In addition, semi-automated operation based on remote support of an experienced rescuer allows for expanding the range of tasks to be solved and the efficiency of such complexes.

A large BNTS can overcome severe obstacles and large distances relatively quickly. Its top speed can be 25 km/h. Thus, the small vehicle can be delivered very rapidly and close to the potential location of the victims. Due to its small size and weight, it can be involved in exploring narrow places (e.g., passageways between the collapsed building) without injuring people or causing further damage to the building.

A powerful manipulator mounted on a large BNTS can be used by the operator to remove enormous obstacles that could block the path of a vehicle and lift objects if a casualty is buried under them. The manipulator can be designed as a 6-axis arm that can lift 250 kg. Thus, the operator's remote presence (telepresence) is not limited to receiving information from sensors or manipulating small objects, as in conventional approaches, but is extended to moving large objects. An intuitive user interface using an exoskeleton with built-in feedback is envisioned, allowing for easy manipulation of the manipulator.

The small BNTS is equipped with a propulsion system to maneuver in unstructured environments, such as collapsed buildings. Because of its size and weight limitations, the small BNTS cannot be equipped with sophisticated sensors or a powerful onboard computer. Therefore, its autonomous capabilities are limited to the simplest of tasks. A video camera is installed on the small STBM so that the cameraman can get visual information about the crash site.


Rescue robots and a group approach

The application of group principles in robotics represents a new approach to coordinating a variety of simple robots. It is assumed that the desired collective behavior arises from the interaction of robots with each other and their interaction with the environment.


Relatively simple rules of individual behavior can create complex organized behavior of the whole group. The critical point is the interaction between the group members, which design a constant feedback system. The group's behavior includes a continual change of participants interacting with each other.


Unlike distributed robotic systems, role-based robotics involves many robots interacting using only local communication. Such local contact can be created, for example, based on wireless data transmission systems in the radio frequency or infrared ranges.


This use of a group of robots has several advantages.


  1. If there is a lot of large concrete or metal debris at the crash site, communication with the operators is likely to be very unstable, so in contact with a particular robot is lost, communication with it can be maintained through a chain of robots that are within transmitter range.

  2. A group of robots also allows you to distribute the work at the disaster scene. Each performs its task but can take over the duties of any other robot if something happens to that one or as instructed by the operator. It is somewhat reminiscent of using one giant robot with a brain of individual elements.

Sanitation robots

It is a specially designed robot designed to perform rescue work on the battlefield, as well as in the aftermath of earthquakes or other emergencies. The machine itself can evacuate a person. The gyroscopes and computer-controlled motors allow the robot to keep its balance without dropping its load. Dynamic balancing technology enables it to keep its balance, even when carrying heavy objects.

Developments in artificial intelligence have enabled the robot to process multimodal commands given by the operator, such as "Go there" or "Pick up that box. If the robot cannot execute the operator's order for some reason, it is programmed to ask the operator for help to complete the task.

The robot is equipped with an IR port, night vision and optical cameras, a microphone, pressure, and tactile sensors. The robot has explosion-proof and flame-proof protectors and batteries.


Applications and tasks performed by the sanitation robot


One of the robot's tasks is to carry an injured person out of a dangerous environment to a place where a medic can assess the severity of his bodily injuries without risking his life. The robot's size, equipment, and features, including its small width, allow it to perform outdoors and indoor tasks, such as walking through doors and climbing stairs.

Other applications: search and rescue, transporting supplies, removing obstacles, lifting heavy objects, handling hazardous materials, surveillance, an inspection of mines, and improvised explosive devices. The robot is designed to rescue people in a mine, in areas contaminated with biological, nuclear, or chemical waste, in an unsafe building after an earthquake, fire, landslide, or explosion.

The robot can have industrial and commercial applications, such as lifting and safely moving heavy equipment. The machine can safely carry severe patients in hospitals and help people with disabilities and the elderly in healthcare.

The future of robotic rescuers

Priorities in the development of the rescue robot industry:


1. Creation of remotely controlled robots oriented to work in the first stage of disaster response, i.e., for general reconnaissance assessment of the situation at the disaster site, clearing debris, making passages and routes for other robots and human rescuers.
Creation of remotely controlled robots operating in the second emergency response stage. The following classes of specialized robots are needed at this stage:
robots focused on penetrating hard-to-reach rooms through utility holes and passageways cleared by the previous class of robots,
robots capable of opening locked doors and moving to utilize fire ladders for urgent emergency work,
specialized robots for first aid and transporting injured people to a safe place.

There is also an attempt to create robots remotely controlled by a group of human operators and capable of performing both forceful actions on various objects encountered in the disaster area and finely coordinated activities related to chemical, biological, and radiation analysis of samples at the site of the disaster and to provide first aid to people affected by the disaster.

1. Creation of robots oriented towards fully autonomous action without a human operator. The operator, in this case, can only perform advisory functions at the request of the robot itself.
2. Develop groups of specialized robots oriented to perform specific emergency-rescue tasks.

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