Robotics, service robotics, industrial robotics - what are the differences?

There are a plethora of smart devices and gadgets on the market, but which ones are robots? A robot is defined as "a mechanism that is programmable in two or more axes, has some degree of autonomy, moves within its operating environment, and executes its intended activities," according to the international standard ISO 8373:2012.

To put it another way, a robot can be any equipment or mechanism that performs the desired action while meeting three criteria:

  • FEELING: The environment around them is perceived by multiple receptors. The robot can gather information about its surroundings through microphones, visible and infrared cameras, environmental sensors, and other means.
  • THINK: In its electronic brain, the robot creates a model of its environment and plans its movements.
  • ACT: The robot impacts the surroundings in both physical and non-physical ways.

Consider the following scenario:

  • Autonomous vehicle - robot
    Cameras and lidar are included in the senses.
    Thinks: creates models to understand the world better and makes judgments.
    Acts as a passenger or cargo transporter.
  • A coffee machine is not a robot
    Sense: interface interaction
    Thinking: none
    Action: Make coffee.

What types of robots exist?

Robotics are classified into many sorts based on their intended use. This is done using the classification specified in the ISO 8373:2012 standard described above:

Industrial robots. Their primary function is the automation of production processes. It is a variety of activities.
Service robots. They replace or supplement humans in solving typical and routine service tasks. Service robots are mainly used in production halls, while service robots are used outside production halls.

Types of service robots

Service robotics is classified into two types, according to the International Federation of Robotics (IFR) classification:

     Personal robots. They are used to perform a variety of everyday household tasks:

  • robot vacuum cleaners;
  • kitchen robots;
  • robots for nursing;
  • robotic lawnmowers.

    Professional robots. Used to profit from various services:
  • robotic promoters;
  • excursionist robots;
  • admin robots;
  • waiter robots;
  • courier robots;
  • robotic surgeons.

If different personal tasks require other robot models, the same professional service robots can be programmed to perform multiple professional tasks.

The same model, for example, can be programmed to function as a receptionist, a police officer, a waiter, and so on.

Additional equipment, such as a printer, document scanner, or bank terminal, can be added to the robot. This allows it to work in a variety of settings.


If a device can perceive and understand the world around it and interact with it, it is referred to as a robot.

Industrial and service robots are the two types of robots. Industrial robots assist in the completion of both complex and commonplace jobs.

Service robots can be personal and professional. Personal robots are utilized for a range of duties around the house. For corporate duties, professional robots are utilized, and one model can be programmed based on functionality.